Diabetes can be defined as ailment that is generated when the glucose (sugar) in your blood raises beyond the recommended levels. Blood glucose is a necessity as it is the main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. This energy is generated when blood pumps through all arteries in the body. Another medical term must be considered for this instance, which is Insulin. It is a hormone made by the Pancreas and it helps glucose be transferred from the food you eat to your body cells. Sometimes your body does not make enough Insulin or does not use it well. Because of this, Glucose cannot be released and does not reach the body’s cells. Hence in a general outline, Diabetes is the over dumping of glucose in your blood without the necessary release to all the body’s cells as well as muscles.

Different Types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

In this, a body does not make insulin at all. The problem comes when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas which create insulin. Type 1 diabetes is normally detected in children and young adults though it can appear at any age. This is serious as people who suffer from type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day to stay alive.

Type 2 diabetes

In this, a body does not make enough amounts of insulin or does not use enough of it. Type 2 diabetes can affect a person at any age, but it is most prevalent on middle-aged and older citizens. It is the most common type of diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes could affect pregnant women. Reasons for this could obviously be the excess intake of heavy-fat food to feed the baby in womb. It could normally fade away a after childbirth. However, women with history of gestational diabetes, have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. It must also be observed that at time diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy could be type 2 diabetes.


As explained, Diabetes has several types, and the causes may also vary.

  • Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. This is believed to be caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses which may trigger the disease.
  • Type 2 diabetes is caused by several factors, including lifestyle factors and genes. Lifestyle issues include excessive consumption of sweets, and obesity, lack of adequate physical activity. Insulin resistance is also a major factor.
  • Gestational diabetes is caused by the hormonal changes of pregnancy along with genetic and lifestyle factors such as overconsumption of food along with very less physical activity during the period.

Symptoms of Diabetes

  • increased thirst and urination
  • increased hunger
  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
  • numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
  • sores that do not heal
  • unexplained weight loss

What must be done to treat diabetes?

For this, you need to consult the best experienced diabetes specialist and endocrinologist such as Dr. Thiyagarajan of Bharath Clinic in Chennai. He will first conduct blood tests and enquire about your history.

Then details will be gathered about current symptoms, duration of illness, complications, and other ailments that could be suffering from. Once you have been diagnosed, Dr. Thiyagarajan may recommend you options for managing the disease and or diagnose treatment that normally involves medications either orally or through Insulin injections.

If you are having any of these problems or are experiencing similar symptoms, it is highly recommended to book a consultation with Dr. Thiyagarajan immediately.